Vocabularies Subcommittee: MLA Report 2023

Business Meeting Summary: Music Library Association Cataloging and Metadata Committee Vocabularies Subcommittee

Wednesday, March 8, 2023, 12:00 pm – 1:20 pm CST, via Zoom

Meeting summary by Janelle West

Members present: Janelle West (chair); Anne Adams; Josh Aldorisio; Blaine Brubaker; Ann Churukian; Patty Falk; Mary Huismann; Leonard Martin (SACO Music Funnel Coordinator); Allison McClanahan; Rick McRae; Jennifer Olson; Mark Scharff (NACO-Music Project Funnel Coordinator); Tomoko Shibuya; Tracey Snyder; Clare Spitzer; Maarja Vigorito (LC Representative); Jay Weitz (OCLC Representative). Approximately 50 guests. 


Chair’s report (J. West)

  • ALA Core Subject Analysis Committee liaison reports
  • Final report of the Joint GNCRT/SAC/OLAC Working Group on Compound Terms in the LCGFT Vocabulary
    • Endorsed by SAC and shared with LC PTCP, which concurred that compound terms combining two separately established terms are justified in cases where the combination results in a different meaning than the separately established terms appearing in tandem. 
    • LC is organizing an Advisory Group that will re-examine suggestions in the report and will make an official statement at the conclusion of the examination. 
    • No new compound term proposals will be accepted until the official statement is released. 
  • Membership
    • New members for 2022-2023: Blaine Brubaker, Geo Flores (since resigned), Rick McRae, Tomoko Shibuya, Leo Martin (SACO Music Funnel Coordinator.
    • Departing members: Anne Adams, Allison McClanahan, Jennifer Olson, Jay Weitz (OCLC representative).
    • Reminder of March 9th application deadline to apply for membership.


LC Liaison’s Report (Maarja Vigorito)

  • New subject heading proposals taking more time than usual to get through due to lots of turnover in the policy office; pace will pick up as incoming people adjust. They’re doing better on the front end, but things are still slow following editorial meetings. 
  • November decisions were released the week before this meeting.
  • Q (Kyle Shockey): Has anyone mentioned the expedited possibility for non-problematic terms? A (Vigorito): There is an option for proforma proposals. If going the expedited route, pay close attention to Work cat. in 670; very important to have justification there and in English, otherwise won’t be accepted.


Types of Composition List Task Group (Patty Falk, TG Coordinator)

  • Written report submitted ahead; appended below
  • 7-8 terms were vetted or modified.
  • Updated documentation for Principles of the list.
  • Will work on Phase II of the project to add plurals for non-preferred type terms this coming year.


Thematic Indexes List (MLATI) Task Group (Ann Churukian, TG Coordinator)

  • Written report submitted ahead; appended below
  • 11 indexes for 9 composers were added.
  • 2 existing entries were revised.
  • Cleared the backlog resulting from the pandemic plus tackling new submissions; current backlog down to 3 submissions, all recent.
  • Made changes to links on MLATI website, which are now embedded in the text followed by the URL in parentheses. 


LC Vocabularies Maintenance (Anne Adams, TG Coordinator)

  • Written report submitted ahead; appended below
  • Completed monthly reviews of LCSH, LCGFT, LCMPT and LCDGFT proposed terms.
  • A major focus was terms related to minstrelsy, in cooperation with SACO Coordinator and the African American Subject Funnel; catalyst came from the work of Andrea Cawelti and Jennifer Dunlap at Harvard. 
    • Converted some minstrelsy terms so that they could be used in the broader context of derogatory, racialized “entertainment” related to other marginalized groups (e.g., Minstrel shows as BT of Blackface minstrel shows).
    • Redirects from specific headings to show when not to use these terms (e.g., note in African American wit and humor specifically indicating not to use that term for minstrel-related forms). 
  • In addition to the new and revised terms, new qualifier “treble voices” for LCSH Chorus headings.
  • Complete list of proposed and approved terms, both new and revised, in the VS Subcommittee Chair’s report. 
  • SACO Music Funnel Coordinator’s report (Leo Martin)
    • Presented at the CMC Town Hall on how to propose terms. 
    • 29 music terms were submitted; all terms in the queue from the past year have been cleared.
    • Submission form for proposals has been redirected; proposals should now be submitted via email. Don’t worry about the MARC coding, as the coordinator will encode proposals. 
    • Experimental music and Avant garde (Music) revisions are still in the queue for approval; recommends BPs include advice on using these terms.
    • Recommends that BPs also give guidance for applying Rap and Hip hop terms, as they are an exception in that they are related terms that share a broader term.


Deriving Faceted Terms from LCSH/Music Toolkit Task Group (Janelle West, TG Coordinator)

  • Written report submitted ahead; appended below 
  • Mapping updates: LCMPT, LCGFT, and LCSH headings updated through 2021 using 2018-2021 issues of the Music Cataloging Bulletin; will forward to Gary post-MLA. Going forward, the task group will do at least a yearly sweep of new terms to map. 2022 terms will be addressed this year. 
  • Looking for a new TG Coordinator; reach out if interested.


LCMPT/LCGFT Best Practices Maintenance Task Group (Mary Huismann, TG Coordinator)

  • Written report submitted ahead; appended below
  • Gathering and prioritizing suggestions for next revision.
  • Completed version 1.5 of the LCMPT Best Practices and are awaiting final approval. 
  • LCGFT will be the focus in the coming year; please send suggestions. 


New Business

  • Ad hoc task group for creating a survey on the application and use of LCSH, LCGFT and LCMPT vocabularies; to gauge reliance on LCSH, comfort level and systems compatibility with faceted terms with an eye towards eventual discontinuation of LCSH genre heading usage. 
    • Survey is complete and going through final stages of approval.
    • Projected distribution sometime in spring 2023
    • Will distribute via MLA-L, MOUG-L, among other listservs. 
    • Q (Mark Scharff): What are the factors that will drive discontinuing assigning both LCSH genre headings and LCGFT terms? A (Vigorito): Hasn’t heard anything at this point. A (Damian Iseminger): The structure of LCSH has a lot to do with it, such as adding subdivisions to form terms that turn it into a topical heading, instruction sheet revisions, file maintenance decisions, and turnover in the policy division will all be factors in LC adopting the new practice. This won’t likely be any time soon. A (Casey Mullin): Reminder that LC does not have to lead the way on this; every institution can make its own decision. 
    • Q (Mullin): Is curious about who is using demographic terms, 046, 370 fields in bib records. A (Martin): Maybe MLA can take the lead on LCSH practice, LCDGT, and so forth. A (Vigorito): Using demographic terms and other new vocabularies will help us move away from LCSH and the precoordinated approach.  
    • Q (Ethan D’Ver): In a completely faceted environment, how does one link genre to MOP? A (D. Iseminger): Linking genre to MOP is a legacy thing that was done as a matter of convenience; while they are associated, they are different facets of work/expression and can’t be linked in a flat environment like MARC, but it can be done with linked data. Reminder that in LCSH some terms are already post-coordinated (e.g., Waltzes requires using Waltzes without medium and assigning another term for medium). 
    • Mullin: Survey should give an idea of whether there are agencies that are not ready to drop LCSH because of regulation from outside sources as well.
    • BIBCO standard doesn’t require double tagging; the rules do not require a particular vocabulary, just that an established vocabulary is used. 
    • Keith Knop: Has stopped double tagging at his library but has not written policies yet.
    • Cate Gerhart: Maybe a place to start is to stop double tagging when LCSH and Genre are exactly the same, which is Cate’s practice.
    • Tracey Snyder: Need to involve discovery systems in the conversation.
    • Adams: Many institutions dependent on copy from other institutions and may or may not have the capacity to display genre/MOP. Survey also aims to suss out how universal display is or isn’t. 
    • Scharff: Would be useful to have a list of what would be needed for an institution to be able to drop LCSH. 
    • Snyder: Uses the Strawn Toolkit workflow—type in LCSH and run the macro to get the faceted headings added; there needs to be a tool to refine/suss out the mappings for large database scale implementation (e.g., OCLC or LC databases).
    • Mullin: Agrees that other tools could be developed that make it easier to supply faceted fields without having to have LCSH there; Toolkit wasn’t meant as an end but as a tool to test and refine mappings with a view toward eventually having programs that run widely on WorldCat, individual catalogs, etc. Need to continue working toward full scale implementation.
    • Rebecca Belford: Regarding the systems issue, inquiries have been made about updating the Music Discovery Requirements document with Public Services Committee. 
    • Suggestion that 382 could be a controlled field to make input easier. Multiple people agreed this would be helpful.
    • Gerhart: Thinks that 655 is probably the most useful and most likely for systems to have capabilities to handle. Does the survey cover this? A (West): Yes. Cate: In non-music settings such as literature, 655 is often the only thing added, not 650. 
    • Mullin: Another issue is the need for systems people to manage and implement necessary functionalities. 
    • Weitz: OCLC Is considering many options for the future of controlled headings; 382 will be complicated because of all the extra data (e.g., $v).
    • Mullin: His institution publishes Orbis Cascade refinements on GitHub.
    • West: Feel free to reach out with further thoughts. 


Meeting adjourned at 2:15 pm. 

Coordinator’s task group reports follow. 




CMC Vocabularies Subcommittee Task Group: Types of Composition

Report for VS business meeting, March 8, 2023

Reported March 8, 2023

Members 2022-2023

  • Patty Falk (TG coordinator)
  • Joshua Aldorisio
  • Mary Huismann

Planned projects, 2023-2024

  • Vet proposals to add, amend or edit entries in the document Types of Composition for Use in Authorized Access Points for Music
  • Forward document changes based on these proposals to full VS for ratification/comment
  • Convey document changes to CMC Webmaster and to MCB editor for dissemination

Activity 2022-23

Term review

Vetted new or modified terms:  Overture/Overtures, Bagatella/Bagatelle, Solfeggio/Solfeggios, Anthem/Anthems, Baladi (update), Eloadasi darabok 

Updated documentation for Principles of Types

Plural terms

  • In addition to regular work on individual terms, this past year the group has continued verifying plural terms
  • Phase 1 of the list of plural terms has been posted; plan to institute phase 2 of the list of plural terms in 2023.

Public material




CMC Vocabularies Subcommittee Task Group: Thematic Indexes Used in Library of Congress NACO Authority Files (MLATI)

Report for VS business meeting, March 8, 2023

Report Date: February 17, 2023

Members 2022-2023

  • Ann Churukian (TG coordinator)
  • Geo Flores (resigned August 2022)
  • Rick McRae
  • Janelle West

Activity 2022-2023

During the past year, the MLATI task group finished clearing the backlog of submissions created by pandemic lockdowns, and we completed work on several new submissions. In response to discussion at the 2022 business meeting, we updated the way the MLATI list links to online resources in order to improve accessibility. We currently have one submission in progress and two pending, all submitted during the fall of 2022. 

Approved Indexes

Abel, Karl Friedrich, 1723-1787

Holman, Peter and Günter von Zadow. Charles Frederick Abel’s Viola da Gamba music: a new catalogue, second revised version. Heidelberg: Edition Güntersberg, 2017.

Binder, Christlieb Siegmund, 1723-1789

Fleischer, Heinrich. Christlieb Siegmund Binder (1723-1789). Regensburg: Gustav Bosse Verlag, 1941.

Galuppi, Baldassare, 1706-1785

Burde, Ines. Die venezianische Kirchenusik von Baldassare Galuppi. Frankfurt am Main: P. Lang, 2008.

Lupo, Thomas, -1628

Meyer, Ernst Hermann. Die mehrstimmige spielmusik des 17. jahrhunderts in Nord- und

Mittel-Europa. Kassel: Bärenreiter-verlag, 1934.

Mann, Johann Christoph, 1726-1782

“Thematischer Katalog der Instrumentalwerke von Matthias Georg Monn und Johann Christoph Mann.” In Fischer, Wilhelm, ed. Wiener Instrumentalmusik vor und um 1750: Vorläufer der wiener Klassiker. Vol. 2. Denkmäler der Tonkunst in Österreich, Jahrg. 19/2, Bd. 39. Wiener Instrumentalmusik im XVIII. Jahrh., 2. Vienna: Artaria, 1912. Reprint, Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1959.

Pollack, Carla. “Viennese Solo Keyboard Music, 1740-1770: a Study in the Evolution of the Classical Style.” PhD diss., Brandeis University, 1983: p. 426-452.

Rudolf, Kenneth E. “Johann Christoph Mann, Georg Matthias Monn.” In The symphony, 1720-1840. Reference volume, edited by Barry S. Brook, 356-359. New York: Garland, 1986.


Meier, Hermann, 1906-2002

Zimmermann, Heidy, and Michèle Noirjean-Linder, eds. Sammlung Hermann Meier: Musikmanuskripte, Vorläufiges Verzeichnis der Bestände, Stand 11. September 2020. Inventare der Paul Sacher Stiftung. Basel: Paul Sacher Stiftung, 2020.

Senfl, Ludwig, approximately 1486-1542 or 1543

Gasch, Stefan, and Sonja Tröster. Ludwig Senfl (c.1490–1543):

A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works and Sources. In collaboration with Birgit Lodes. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, [2019].

Tomasini, Luigi, 1741-1808

Tomasini, Luigi. Ausgewählte Instrumentalwerke. Veröffentlicht von Erich Schenk. Denkmäler der Tonkunst in Österreich, Bd. 124. Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1972. 

Walter, Johann, 1496-1570

Leaver, Robin A. “Johann Walter Werke Verzeichnis [JWWV].” Fontes artis musicae 66, no. 1 (January-March 2019): 1-25.


Edited Entries

corrected errors in placement of notes

Graun, Johann Gottlieb, 1702 OR 3-1771

 Mennicke, Carl. Hasse und die Brüder Graun als Symphoniker: Nebst Biographien und thematischen Katalogen. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1906. Reprint, Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1977.

 Willer, Monika. Die Konzertform der Brüder Carl Heinrich und Johann Gottlieb Graun. Europäische Hochschulschriften. Reihe XXXVI, Musikwissenschaft, Bd. 117 (European university studies. Series XXXVI, Musicology, vol. 117). Frankfurt: Lang, 1995.

corrected typographical error in title


Soler, Antonio, 1729-1783

Soler, P. Antonio. Sonatas para instramentos de tecla. Edited by P. Samuel Rubio. Madrid: Union Musical Española, 1957-62.



Steiner, Max, 1888-1971

Max Steiner Digital Thematic Catalog 

(the catalog has no thematic catalog numbers, so falls outside the scope of this list)


In Progress

Bach, Wilhelm Friedemann, 1710-1784

Wollny, Peter, ed. Wilhelm Friedemann Bach: thematisch-systematisches Verzeichnis der musikalischen Werke (BR-WFB). Stuttgart: Carus-Verlag, 2012

(updating existing entry)


Awaiting Evaluation

Bennett, William Sterndale, 1816-1875

Williamson, Rosemary. William Sterndale Bennett: a Descriptive Thematic Catalogue. Oxford: Clarendon, 1996.

Galuppi, Baldassare, 1706-1785

Pullman, David E. “A Catalogue of the Keyboard Sonatas of Baldassare Galuppi (1706-1785).” M.M. Thesis, American University, 1972. In ProQuest:


Other Work

Updated display of links and urls across the website, to improve accessibility and readability. Links are now embedded in text, followed by the URL in parentheses. Thanks to web editor Kristi Bergland for updating the site almost as soon as we made the request, and to former web editor Josh Henry for help with visualizing what we could do.


Public material



CMC Vocabularies Subcommittee Task Group: Vocabularies Maintenance 

Report for VS business meeting, March 8, 2023

Members 2022-2023

  • Anne Adams, Task Group Coordinator
  • Ann Churukian
  • Allison McClanahan
  • Jennifer Olson
  • Tomoko Shibuya
  • Clare Spitzer
  • Leo Martin, SACO Music Funnel Coordinator
  • Maarja Vigorito, Library of Congress Representative

Planned projects, 2022-2023

The Vocabulary Maintenance Task Group proposes new terms and revisions to terms for LCMPT, LCGFT, LCDGT, and LCSH vocabularies, including hierarchy adjustments as necessary, working in coordination with the SACO Music Funnel Coordinator.  This work is augmented by monitoring of the Library of Congress tentative lists for terms warranting attention, and further proposing new terms terms based on those lists.

Activity 2022-2023

In addition to commenting on the LC tentative lists for LCMPT, LCGFT, LCSH, and LCDGT throughout the year, the following terms were submitted and/or approved during the 2022-2023 year.


New Terms

    • nail violin (approved July 2022)
    • lupophone (approved April 2022)
    • contraforte (approved April 2022)
    • brake drum (approved April 2022)
    • tiple (double reed instrument) (approved May 2022)
    • bian qing (approved May 2022)
    • tarota (approved May 2022)
    • song bells (tentative list 2301)

Revised Terms

    • mixed chorus (approved April 2022)
    • tiple (plucked lute) (approved April 2022)
    • cymbal (approved April 2022)
    • leaf (approved April 2022)
    • xylophone (tentative list 2301)
    • gralla (submitted to LC November 21, 2022)
    • actor (submitted to LC September 20, 2022)
    • speaker (submitted to LC September 20, 2022)


New Terms

    • Postludes (Music) (approved December 2022)
    • Maskanda (approved November 2022)
    • Trance music (approved November 2022)
    • Experimental music (tentative list 2301)
    • Mixtapes (tentative list 2212)
    • Blackface minstrel shows (submitted to SACO coordinator Dec. 2022)
    • Blackface minstrel music (submitted to SACO coordinator Dec. 2022)

Revised Terms

    • Rap, Hip-hop (Music) cross references (approved May 2022)
    • Barong (Music) (approved November 2022)
    • Trance (Electronic dance music) (approved November 2022)
    • Sample albums (Sound recordings) (submitted to LC October 21, 2022) Avant-garde (Music) (submitted to LC 2022-12-13)
    • Simplified editions (Music) (submitted to LC July 15, 2022)
    • Minstrel shows (submitted to SACO coordinator December 2022)
    • Minstrel music (submitted to SACO coordinator December 2022)


New Terms

    • Blackface minstrel shows (submitted to LC February 2023)
    • Blackface minstrel music (submitted to LC February 2023)

Revised Terms

    • Treble voices (approved as free-floating term for Choruses, Dec. 2022)
    • Choruses, Sacred (Treble voices) (approved December 2022)
    • Mixtapes (tentative list 2212)
    • Minstrel shows (submitted to LC February 2023)
    • Minstrel music (submitted to LC February 2023)
    • African American wit and humor (submitted to LC February 2023)
    • African Americans–Songs and music (submitted to LC February 2023)
    • Minstrels (submitted to LC February 2023)
    • Blackface entertainers (submitted to LC February 2023)

Public material




CMC Vocabularies Subcommittee Task Group: Deriving Faceted Terms 

Report for Vocabularies Subcommittee business meeting, March 8, 2023

Members 2022-2023 

  • Janelle West (TG coordinator)
  • Geo Flores (resigned August 2022)
  • Rick McRae
  • Jennifer Olson 
  • Rahni Kennedy (ESS representative)

Activity 2022-2023

  • Catch up on updated mappings using the Music Cataloging Bulletin (starting with 2018 issues) 
  • LCSH🡨🡪LCGFT mappings updated through 2021 
  • LCMPT🡪LCSH reconciliation through 2021
  • Prepared feedback for Gary Strawn on the Deriving bibliographic fields for music document

Public material 




CMC Vocabularies Subcommittee Task Group: LCMPT/LCGFT Best Practices Maintenance 

Report for VS business meeting, March 8, 2023 

Members 2022-2023 

  • Mary Huismann (TG coordinator)
  • Kristi Bergland
  • Blaine Brubaker
  • Patty Falk
  • Tracey Snyder 

Activity 2022-2023

  • Prepared revision of the LCMPT Best Practices document (version 1.5)
  • Began work on the revision of the LCGFT Best Practices document

Public material